In 2012, Lawless and Fox surveyed 2,100 college students about their political experiences and interests. Young men were significantly more likely to say a parent had encouraged them to run for office one day. In fact, men were more likely to have been urged to run by almost anyone—from friends to teachers to grandparents. But parents have the most profound impact on a child’s political ambition, and both mothers and fathers seem to be more supportive of their sons entering politics than their daughters. In the study, 40 percent of young men reported that at least one parent had urged them to run one day—compared with 29 percent of young women.