Within these carboxylase, carrier proteins are also present. The particular carrier protein substances that are present in these enzymes include biotin-carboxyl, biotin carboxylase and carboxyltransferase. These enzymes play vital parts in the metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids and carbohydrates . They are also important for the biosynthesis polyketide, as well as the utilization of urea. Many other cellular processes depend on the activity of these metabolic enzymes as well.
Acetyl-CoA carboxylases are one particular form of these enzymes that researches are conducting studies on. They have found that these enzymes can be utilized in the creation process of drugs that can be used to treat* certain diseases, such as cancer , obesity , type 2 diabetes and bacterial infections. Research is also being conducted to study the effects of these enzymes on other diseases that are involved in the metabolic system.